Nonintubated Uniportal Thoracoscopic Thymectomy with Laryngeal MaskFunding No funding was included in this work.
23 March 2019
31 July 2019
15 September 2019 (online)
Objective To investigate whether laryngeal mask anesthesia had more favorable postoperative outcomes than double-lumen tube intubation anesthesia in uniportal thoracoscopic thymectomy.
Methods Data were collected retrospectively from December 2013 to December 2017. A total of 96 patients with anterior mediastinum mass underwent nonintubated uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy with laryngeal mask, and 129 patients underwent intubated uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic thymectomy. A single incision of ∼3 cm was made in an intercostal space along the anterior axillary line. Perioperative outcomes between nonintubated uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (NU-VATS) and intubated uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (IU-VATS) were compared.
Results In both groups, incision size was kept to a minimum, with a median of 3 cm, and complete thymectomy was performed in all patients. Mean operative time was 61 minutes. The mean lowest SpO2 during operation was not significantly different. However, the mean peak end-tidal carbon dioxide in the NU-VATS group was higher than in the IU-VATS group. Mean chest tube duration in NU-VATS group was 1.9 days. Mean postoperative hospital stay was 2.5 days, with a range of 1 to 4 days. Time to oral fluid intake in the NU-VATS group was significantly less than in the IU-VATS group (p < 0.01). Several complications were significantly less in the NU-VATS group than in the IU-VATS group, including sore throat, nausea, irritable cough, and urinary retention.
Conclusion Compared with intubated approach, nonintubated uniportal thoracoscopic thymectomy with laryngeal mask is feasible for anterior mediastinum lesion, and patients recovered faster with less complications.
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