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Outcomes in Pediatric Transsphenoidal Pituitary Surgery Stratified by the Use of Image Guidance: An Analysis of the Kids' Inpatient Database from 1997 to 2016Funding None.
Background To evaluate the utilization of image guidance technology for pediatric transsphenoidal pituitary resection (TSPR) and analyze the complication rates, length of stay (LOS), and total cost for such surgeries as function of time and utilization of image guidance.
Methods The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) was queried for all cases of TSPR between 1997 and 2016. Factors extracted included patient demographics, use of image guidance, LOS, total cost, and complications, including panhypopituitarism, diabetes insipidus (DI), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea, and cranial nerve (CN) III, IV, and VI palsies. Multivariate logistic regression was utilized to determine the odds ratio of developing panhypopituitarism, DI, CSF rhinorrhea, and CN palsies for image-guided versus nonimage-guided cases. A generalized linear model was used to determine the effect of image guidance on inflation-adjusted total cost and LOS.
Results A total of 1,297 cases of TSPR were included in the KID over this time period. The majority were female, Caucasian, and older than 15 years. Utilization of image guidance has rapidly increased since 2006. Complication rates were comparable, but when controlling for other factors, the use of image guidance showed a lower risk of postoperative DI (p = 0.05). The use of image guidance also resulted in a shorter LOS by 2.84 days (p < 0.001) with no associated increase in total cost (p = 0.663).
Conclusion The use of imaging guidance for pediatric TSPR has precipitously increased in recent years, as it is cost-effective, decreases LOS, and may lead to lower complication rates, such as DI.
Keywordsskull base surgery - cost - analysis - quality - metrics - computer-assisted surgery - rhinorrhea
Received: 21 June 2019
Accepted: 24 December 2019
Article published online:
09 March 2020
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