Subscribe to RSS
Case Report: Schwannoma of the Hypoglossal Nerve in a 48-Year-Old Patient
Introduction Schwannomas are benign tumors originating from Schwann cells of peripheral nerves. 25-45 % of all schwannomas manifest in the head and neck area, most commonly as vestibular schwannoma. Only about 5 % of all schwannomas in the head and neck area occur on the XII cranial nerve. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult despite MRI and CT. The anatomic localization is very similar to carotid paraganglioma or branchial cysts. To completely remove the schwannoma, the nerve often has to be severed. This case report shows the aftermath of unilateral hypoglossal resection due to a schwannoma.
Case Report A 48-year old female patient presented with a painless tumor on her right side of the neck. B-mode ultrasound revealed a 16x20mm, sharply defined mass in level IIa. MRI examination showed a homogeneous hyperintense tumor in the carotid bifurcation. The tumor was completely removed via submandibular incision, whereby the hypoglossal nerve was severed. After operation there was a barely visible deviation of the tongue to the right and a slight restriction of tongue mobility. The histopathological findings confirmed a regressive schwannoma
Conclusion Although schwannomas of the hypoglossal nerve are rare and often become apparent during surgery, for tumors in Level IIa the hypoglossal schwannoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis. The postoperative course of this patient without relevant impairment to health makes it clear that loss of the hypoglossal nerve in order to completely resect the schwannoma may be feasable in some cases.
Article published online:
10 June 2020
© 2020. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Stuttgart · New York