CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · International Journal of Epilepsy 2020; 06(01): 15-23
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1712777
Review Article

Management of Refractory Epilepsy

1  Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
,
Kamalesh Chakravarty
1  Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
,
Jitupam Baishya
1  Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
,
Manoj K. Goyal
1  Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
,
Parampreet Kharbanda
1  Department of Neurology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Drug refractory epilepsy, defined as a failure of adequate trials of two (or more) tolerated, appropriately chosen, and appropriately used antiepileptic drug (AED) regimens (whether administered as monotherapies or in combination) to achieve freedom from seizures, affects approximately 30% of patients with new-onset epilepsy. Persistent epileptic seizures in these patients, in addition to having deleterious effects on health, are also associated with psychosocial, behavioral, cognitive, and financial consequences. Despite availability of several new drugs, response to therapy remains poor in most of drug refractory cases. Also despite several ongoing treatment trials, ideal combination of AEDs remains to be identified. Careful attention to ruling out alternative diagnoses, optimal selection of AEDs, rational use of combination therapy, as well as attention to patient-specific factors, such as poor compliance and drug abuse, remain cornerstone of therapy. In view of poor response to polytherapy, if possible, surgical intervention should be contemplated early. In future, development of new drugs with better efficacy and tolerability and minimal drug interactions, as well as better nonpharmacological therapeutic techniques, will help in managing these patients better.



Publication History

Publication Date:
01 June 2020 (online)

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