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The Variable Expression of a Novel MBD5 Gene Frameshift Mutation in an Italian Family
Haploinsufficiency of the methyl-CpG-binding domain protein 5 (MBD5) gene is reported as a cause of an autosomal dominant type of cognitive disability (MRD1) and autism spectrum disorder through large deletions involving multiple genes or point mutations, ultimately leading to haploinsufficiency in both cases. However, relatively few reports have been published on the phenotypical spectrum resulting from point mutations.
We report here on a novel heterozygous frameshift variant in the MBD5 gene [c.2579del; p.(Lys860Argfs*11)] in a family in which the typical signs associated with pathogenic variants were expressed with different degrees of severity in the clinical presentation of the carrier individuals.
Our findings, adding a novel mutation to the mutational spectrum, further support the relevance of the MBD5 gene as one of the main molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of intellectual disability and contribute to the characterization of the genotype–phenotype correlations.
Received: 13 December 2019
Accepted: 26 May 2020
29 December 2020 (online)
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