Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021; 69(01): 008-009
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1716568
Others

Galen: The First Cardiac Surgeon?

1  Research Institute for Islamic and Complementary Medicine School of Traditional Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
,
2  Department of Persian Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
,
3  Independent Researcher, Manama, Bahrain
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

It is widely believed that the first and the second pericardium surgeries were done in the nineteenth century by Francisco Romero and Dominique Jean Larrey, respectively; however, Galen was the first surgeon who proceeded with pericardiectomy. This ancient case report of sternum osteomyelitis and pericardiectomy illuminates some dark part of the history of medicine and the ability of physicians in that era.

Notes

Many events and dates of Galen's life are uncertain or controversial.




Publication History

Received: 03 May 2020

Accepted: 03 August 2020

Publication Date:
30 October 2020 (online)

© 2020. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany

 
  • References

  • 1 Van Thielen J, Van Hee R. Pericardiotomy: the first cardiac operation. Acta Chir Belg 2008; 108 (01) 133-138
  • 2 Johansson L. Diseases of the pericardium. In: Handbuch der Thoraxchirurgie, Ernst Derra (Hrsg), Vol. II. Berlin-Göttingen-Heidelberg: Springer; 1959: 630-631
  • 3 Kirklin/Barratt Boyes. , Ed. . Pericardial disease. In: Cardiac Surgery. 3rd edition. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone; 2003: 1779
  • 4 Hurt L. Surgery of the pericardium. In: The History of Cardiothoracic Surgery from Early Times. New York: Parthenon Publishing Group; 1996: 411
  • 5 Ibn Abi Usaybi’ah, Ahmad ibn al-Qasim, English translations of History of Physicians [Internet]. Modern Manuscripts Collection, History of Medicine Division, National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD;. 1971 . p. 818-28. Accessed August 18, 2020 from: http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/ibn_abi_usaibia_03.htm
  • 6 Ibn al-Mutran, As'ad ibn Ilyas. The Garden of the Physicians and the Meadows of the Wise [Kitāb Bustān al-aṭibbā 'wa-rawḍat al-alibbā];. 1597 p 9. Library, Museum and Document Center of Iran Parliament, Tehran, Iran; Call Number 3821.1. Available from: https://dlib.ical.ir/site/catalogue/502473 English site: https://www.ical.ir/ical/en/. Accessed August 18, 2020
  • 7 Yadla M, Reddy S, Sriramnaveen P. et al. Sternal tuberculosis in a patient with chronic kidney disease. Indian J Nephrol 2013; 23 (01) 57-58
  • 8 Hankinson RJ. , Ed. . The Cambridge companion to Galen. New York: Cambridge University Press; 2008. p.1, p. 4, p. 14, etc.