CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Hand Microsurg 2021; 13(02): 109-113
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1719228
Original Article

Factors Associated with Increased Risk of Recurrence following Treatment of Trigger Finger with Corticosteroid Injection

1  Department of Orthopedics, Hand Clinic, Herlev-Gentofte University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
,
Claus Hjorth Jensen
1  Department of Orthopedics, Hand Clinic, Herlev-Gentofte University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
,
Henrik Daugaard
1  Department of Orthopedics, Hand Clinic, Herlev-Gentofte University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
,
Jens-Christian Vedel
1  Department of Orthopedics, Hand Clinic, Herlev-Gentofte University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
,
Rasmus Wejnold Jørgensen
2  Department of Orthopedics, Herlev-Gentofte University Hospital of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
› Author Affiliations
Funding None.

Abstract

Introduction  The aim of the study was to estimate recurrence rates, time to recurrence, and predisposing factors for recurrence of trigger finger when treated with corticosteroid (CS) injection as primary treatment.

Materials and Methods In a retrospective chart review, we identified primary trigger fingers treated with CS injection as primary treatment. Affected hand and finger, recurrence, time to recurrence, duration of symptoms, secondary treatment type, and comorbidities were recorded. A total of 539 patients were included with a mean follow-up of 47.6 months

Results In total, 330/539 (61%) recurrences were registered. Mean time to recurrence was 312 days. Increased risk of recurrence was seen after treatment of the third finger (relative risk [RR]: 1.22; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06–1.39). Several comorbidities were associated with increased risk of recurrence: carpal tunnel syndrome (RR: 1.27; 95% CI: 1.07–1.52), thyroid disease (RR: 1.45; 95% CI: 1.15–1.83), or shoulder diseases (RR: 1.58; 95% CI: 1.36–1.83).

Conclusion We found a recurrence rate after primary treatment of CS injection for trigger finger of 61%. Most recurrences happened within 2 years and we found treatment of third finger, carpal tunnel syndrome, shoulder, or thyroid disease to be associated with an increased risk of recurrence of symptoms.



Publication History

Publication Date:
29 October 2020 (online)

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