J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg 2021; 82(02): 154-160
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1720992
Original Article

ACDF plus Uncovertebrectomy versus ACDF alone for the Treatment of Cervical Spondylotic Radiculopathy: Minimum 5-Year Follow-Up

Yaqing Cui
1   Department of Orthopaedic, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
Yongchun Zhou
1   Department of Orthopaedic, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
Jun Liu
1   Department of Orthopaedic, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
Dapeng Duan
1   Department of Orthopaedic, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
Liqun Gong
1   Department of Orthopaedic, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
Weiwei Li
1   Department of Orthopaedic, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China
› Author Affiliations


Objective The surgical approach for cervical spondylotic radiculopathy (CSR) is controversial. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of the combined anterior cervical diskectomy and fusion (ACDF) and uncovertebrectomy for treatment of CSR.

Methods This is a retrospective case control study. One hundred and forty-six patients with CSR who underwent two different procedures (ACDF alone [group A]) and a combination of ACDF and uncovertebrectomy [group B]) from March 2008 to April 2013 were included. The operation time, blood loss, Visual Analog Scale scores of the neck (VAS-neck) and arm (VAS-arm), Neck Disability Index (NDI) score, 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) score, fusion segment curvature, global cervical curvature, and the rate of surgical complication were evaluated.

Results There were no significant differences in the basic demographic and clinical characteristics between the two groups (p > 0.05). No significant differences were noticed in the fusion segment curvature and global cervical curvature between the two groups (p > 0.05). Whereas the operation time and blood loss in group B were greater than those in group A (p < 0.05), the VAS-neck, VAS-arm, NDI, and SF-36 scores were better in group B (p < 0.05). The surgical complication rate between the two groups was not significantly different (p > 0.05).

Conclusions Clinical efficacy of ACDF plus uncovertebrectomy for the treatment of patients with CSR may be better than that of ACDF alone, but at the expense of more operation time and blood loss.

Publication History

Received: 18 April 2020

Accepted: 25 August 2020

Article published online:
01 January 2021

© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.

Georg Thieme Verlag KG
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