CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Indian Journal of Neurosurgery 2021; 10(02): 095-102
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1725230
Review Article

Brain Abscess in the Current Decade (2010–2019) in India—A Review

R. Ravikumar
1  Department of Neuromicrobiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
,
Daisy Vanitha John
1  Department of Neuromicrobiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
› Author Affiliations
Funding The study was funded by Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100001409; SR/WOS-A/LS-472/2018. D.V.J. was supported by DST Women Scientists Scheme-A.

Abstract

Brain abscess outcomes have improved in recent years due to advancements in cranial imaging, microbiological techniques, minimally invasive neurosurgical procedures, and effective antibiotic treatments. However, the incidence of brain abscess remains unchanged in developing countries. We searched PubMed and Google Scholar for references using the key words “brain abscess” and “India” and reviewed both retrospective and prospective studies published in peer-reviewed journals in the current decade to understand the present status. The review shows that the patients’ ages, the predominance of male patients, the symptoms and locations of brain abscesses, and the types of bacteria associated with them have remained unchanged over the past decade. The most common predisposing condition in recent years has been chronic suppurative otitis media with a mortality rate of 7 to 10%. Middle ear infection is often neglected and not treated aggressively in Asian countries. It requires multidisciplinary treatment strategies to address the primary source of infection and better health awareness to prevent the development of brain abscess.



Publication History

Publication Date:
13 May 2021 (online)

© 2021. Neurological Surgeons’ Society of India. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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