Subscribe to RSS
What Industry Wants: An Empirical Analysis of Health Informatics Job PostingsFunding None.
Objectives To describe the education, experience, skills, and knowledge required for health informatics jobs in the United States.
Methods Health informatics job postings (n = 206) from Indeed.com on April 14, 2020 were analyzed in an empirical analysis, with the abstraction of attributes relating to requirements for average years and types of experience, minimum and desired education, licensure, certification, and informatics skills.
Results A large percentage (76.2%) of posts were for clinical informaticians, with 62.1% of posts requiring a minimum of a bachelor's education. Registered nurse (RN) licensure was required for 40.8% of posts, and only 7.3% required formal education in health informatics. The average experience overall was 1.6 years (standard deviation = 2.2), with bachelor's and master's education levels increasing mean experience to 3.5 and 5.8 years, respectively. Electronic health record support, training, and other clinical systems were the most sought-after skills.
Conclusion This cross-sectional study revealed the importance of a clinical background as an entree into health informatics positions, with RN licensure and clinical experience as common requirements. The finding that informatics-specific graduate education was rarely required may indicate that there is a lack of alignment between academia and industry, with practical experience preferred over specific curricular components. Clarity and shared understanding of terms across academia and industry are needed for defining and advancing the preparation for and practice of health informatics.
Keywordsinformatics - medical informatics - job description - employment - health workforce - workforce - training and education requirements - clinical informatics - nurse - informatics specialists
Protection of Human and Animal Subjects
Received: 29 October 2020
Accepted: 16 February 2021
Article published online:
31 March 2021
© 2021. Thieme. All rights reserved.
Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany
- 1 Hersh WR, Boone KW, Totten AM. Characteristics of the healthcare information technology workforce in the HITECH era: underestimated in size, still growing, and adapting to advanced uses. JAMIA Open 2018; 1 (02) 188-194
- 2 Zeng X. The impacts of electronic health record implementation on the health care workforce. N C Med J 2016; 77 (02) 112-114
- 3 Hersh W. A stimulus to define informatics and health information technology. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak 2009; 9: 24
- 4 Gadd CS, Steen EB, Caro CM, Greenberg S, Williamson JJ, Fridsma DB. Domains, tasks, and knowledge for health informatics practice: results of a practice analysis. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2020; 27 (06) 845-852
- 5 Silverman HD, Steen EB, Carpenito JN, Ondrula CJ, Williamson JJ, Fridsma DB. Domains, tasks, and knowledge for clinical informatics subspecialty practice: results of a practice analysis. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2019; 26 (07) 586-593
- 6 Gibson CJ, Dixon BE, Abrams K. Convergent evolution of health information management and health informatics: a perspective on the future of information professionals in health care. Appl Clin Inform 2015; 6 (01) 163-184
- 7 Fenton SH, Gongora-Ferraez MJ, Joost E. Health information technology knowledge and skills needed by HIT employers. Appl Clin Inform 2012; 3 (04) 448-461
- 8 Davies A, Mueller J, Moulton G. Core competencies for clinical informaticians: a systematic review. Int J Med Inform 2020; 141: 104237
- 9 Kannry J, Sengstack P, Thyvalikakath TP. et al. The chief clinical informatics officer (CCIO): AMIA task force report on CCIO knowledge, education, and skillset requirements. Appl Clin Inform 2016; 7 (01) 143-176
- 10 Sanchez-Pinto LN, Mosa ASM, Fultz-Hollis K, Tachinardi U, Barnett WK, Embi PJ. The emerging role of the chief research informatics officer in academic health centers. Appl Clin Inform 2017; 8 (03) 845-853
- 11 Fridsma DB. Strengthening our profession by defining clinical and health informatics practice. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2019; 26 (07) 585
- 12 Cummins MR, Gundlapalli AV, Murray P, Park HA, Lehmann CU. Nursing informatics certification worldwide: history, pathway, roles, and motivation. Yearb Med Inform 2016; (01) 264-271
- 13 Lehmann CU, Gundlapalli AV, Williamson JJ. et al. Five years of clinical informatics board certification for physicians in the united states of america. Yearb Med Inform 2018; 27 (01) 237-242
- 14 Detmer DE, Munger BS, Lehmann CU. Clinical informatics board certification: history, current status, and predicted impact on the clinical informatics workforce. Appl Clin Inform 2010; 1 (01) 11-18
- 15 AMIA Health Informatics Certification (AHIC). American Medical Informatics Association. 2020 . Accessed October 9, 2020 at: https://www.amia.org/ahic
- 16 Research. U of M Informatics Institute. Office of the Vice President for Research. 2019 . Accessed January 21, 2021 at: https://research.umn.edu/units/umii/research
- 17 Kulikowski CA, Shortliffe EH, Currie LM. et al. AMIA Board white paper: definition of biomedical informatics and specification of core competencies for graduate education in the discipline. J Am Med Inform Assoc 2012; 19 (06) 931-938 DOI: 10.1136/amiajnl-2012-001053.
- 18 What is Informatics? American Medical Informatics Association. 2020 . Accessed October 11, 2020 at: https://www.amia.org/fact-sheets/what-informatics
- 19 Clinical Informatics. American Medical Informatics Association. 2020 . Accessed October 9, 2020 at: https://www.amia.org/applications-informatics/clinical-informatics
- 20 American Nurses Association, Nursing informatics: scope and standards of practice. American Nurses Association. 2008
- 21 Public Health Informatics. . Accessed October 14, 2020 at: https://www.amia.org/applications-informatics/public-health-informatics
- 22 Health Information 101. American Health Information Management Association. 2020 . Accessed October 11, 2020 at: https://www.ahima.org/certification-careers/certifications-overview/career-tools/career-pages/health-information-101/
- 23 Dieckhaus T. Nursing informatics practice in traditional hospital settings. Nursing 2014; 44 (10) 18-20