CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Avicenna J Med 2021; 11(03): 132-138
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1732815
Original Article

Assessing the Syrian Population’s Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding Antibiotic Usage

Abdallah Altorkmani
1  Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Syrian Private University, Damascus, Syria
,
Mhd Amin Alzabibi
1  Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Syrian Private University, Damascus, Syria
,
Mosa Shibani
1  Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Syrian Private University, Damascus, Syria
,
Hlma Ismail
1  Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Syrian Private University, Damascus, Syria
,
Bisher Sawaf
2  Department of Internal Medicine, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
,
Nizar Daher
1  Faculty of Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Syrian Private University, Damascus, Syria
,
Ahmad Al-Moujahed
3  Department of Ophthalmology, Byers Eye Institute, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Background Antibiotic resistance is a serious public health threat that results mainly secondary to antibiotics misuse. The present study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitude, and practice toward antibiotic use among the Syrian population.

Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted at the outpatient clinics of two major hospitals in Damascus, Syria. Applying a random convenience sampling, data were collected in a 1-week period by interviewing participants using a structured questionnaire, which targeted demographics, practice, knowledge, and attitude. Data were used to assess the relationship between the knowledge level and attitudes and demographics.

Results Most respondents had a moderate level of knowledge (187, 74.8%) and a moderate attitude score (148, 59.2%). In addition, most respondents (149, 59.6%) stated that they take antibiotics based on pharmacist advice only and do not complete the full antibiotic course (200, 80%). A significant association was found between the knowledge level and financial status (p-value = 0.003), education level (p-value = 0.001), and having relatives working in the health care sector (p-value = 0.021). In addition, a significant association was found between the attitude and having health insurance.

Conclusion This study provides baseline evidence about the knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding antibiotics among the Syrian population, that will help in designing targeted interventions to solve the inappropriate use of antibiotics.

Supplementary Material



Publication History

Publication Date:
13 August 2021 (online)

© 2021. Syrian American Medical Society. This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial-License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

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