Appl Clin Inform 2021; 12(05): 979-983
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1736464
Case Report

Implementing an Application Programming Interface for PROMIS Measures at Three Medical Centers

Michael Bass
1  Department of Medical Social Science, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States
,
Christian Oncken
2  Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, United States
,
Allison W. McIntyre
3  Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, United States
,
Chris Dasilva
3  Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, United States
,
Joshua Spuhl
4  Enterprise Data Warehouse, University of Utah Health System, Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
,
Nan E. Rothrock
1  Department of Medical Social Science, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, United States
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Background There is an increasing body of literature advocating for the collection of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in clinical care. Unfortunately, there are many barriers to integrating PRO measures, particularly computer adaptive tests (CATs), within electronic health records (EHRs), thereby limiting access to advances in PRO measures in clinical care settings.

Objective To address this obstacle, we created and evaluated a software integration of an Application Programming Interface (API) service for administering and scoring Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) measures with the EHR system.

Methods We created a RESTful API and evaluated the technical feasibility and impact on clinical workflow at three academic medical centers.

Results Collaborative teams (i.e., clinical, information technology [IT] and administrative staff) performed these integration efforts addressing issues such as software integration as well as impact on clinical workflow. All centers considered their implementation successful based on the high rate of completed PROMIS assessments (between January 2016 and January 2021) and minimal workflow disruptions.

Conclusion These case studies demonstrate not only the feasibility but also the pathway for the integration of PROMIS CATs into the EHR and routine clinical care. All sites utilized diverse teams with support and commitment from institutional leadership, initial implementation in a single clinic, a process for monitoring and optimization, and use of custom software to minimize staff burden and error.

Protection of Human and Animal Subjects

This work was conducted as part of routine clinical care at all sites; therefore informed consent was not required.




Publication History

Received: 06 May 2021

Accepted: 01 September 2021

Publication Date:
20 October 2021 (online)

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