CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · AJP Rep 2022; 12(01): e27-e32
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1742236
Original Article

Prenatal Genetic Screening and Diagnostic Testing: Assessing Patients' Knowledge, Clinical Experiences, and Utilized Resources in Comparison to Provider's Perceptions

Arlin Delgado
1   Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of South Florida Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, Florida
,
Jay Schulkin
2   Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington
,
Charles J. Macri
3   Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, The George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, Dist. of Columbia
› Author Affiliations
Funding The Pregnancy-Related Care Research Network (PRCRN) is supported by the Health Research and Services Administration Grant UA6MC31609.

Abstract

Objective This survey study aimed to assess patient knowledge, clinical resources, and utilized resources about genetic screening and diagnostic testing.

Study Design A one-time anonymous paper survey was distributed to 500 patients at a major urban obstetrics and gynecology department, and an online survey was sent to 229 providers. Descriptive statistics and chi-squared analyses were performed.

Results In all, 466 of 500 patient surveys were completed, and 441 analyzed (88.2% response rate). Among providers, 66 of 229 (29.0% response rate) responded. Patients were on average 32 years old, 27 weeks pregnant, and most often reported a graduate degree level of education (47.4%). Over 75% of patients reported accurate knowledge of basic genetic statements. Patients reported that discussing screening and diagnostic testing with their provider was significantly associated with properly defining screening and diagnostic testing (p < 0.001). Less than 10% of patients reported providers distributing web/video links, books, or any other resource; however, patients most often independently accessed web links (40.1%).

Conclusion Our findings suggest a positive impact from patient and provider discussions in office on patient knowledge and understanding. Discrepancies between educational resources distributed in the clinic and individually accessed resources highlight possible areas of change. Future work should evaluate and implement differing resources to increase patient knowledge.



Publication History

Received: 17 February 2021

Accepted: 08 October 2021

Article published online:
04 February 2022

© 2022. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.
333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USA