Semin Neurol 2022; 42(01): 031-038
DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1742242
Review Article

The Past, Present, and Future of Tele-EEG

Dona Kim Murphey
1   In Phase Neuro, LLC, Pearland, Texas
Eric R. Anderson
2   SOC Telemed, Gulfport, Florida
› Author Affiliations


Tele-electroencephalogram (EEG) has become more pervasive over the last 20 years due to advances in technology, both independent of and driven by personnel shortages. The professionalization of EEG services has both limited growth and controlled the quality of tele-EEG. Growing data on the conditions that benefit from brain monitoring have informed increased critical care EEG and ambulatory EEG utilization. Guidelines that marshal responsible use of still-limited resources and changes in broadband and billing practices have also shaped the tele-EEG landscape. It is helpful to characterize the drivers of tele-EEG to navigate barriers to sustainable growth and to build dynamic systems that anticipate challenges in any of the domains that expand access and enhance quality of these diagnostic services. We explore the historical factors and current trends in tele-EEG in the United States in this review.

Publication History

Article published online:
16 May 2022

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