CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS 2022; 06(03): 201-205
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1759816
Review Article

ICU Readmission in Cardiac Surgical Subset: A Problem Worth Pondering

Jaffrey Kalaiselvan
1   Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences (ABVIMS) and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Baba Kharak Singh Marg, New Delhi, India
,
Ramesh Chand Kashav
1   Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences (ABVIMS) and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Baba Kharak Singh Marg, New Delhi, India
,
Jasvinder Kaur Kohli
1   Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences (ABVIMS) and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Baba Kharak Singh Marg, New Delhi, India
,
1   Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences (ABVIMS) and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Baba Kharak Singh Marg, New Delhi, India
,
Iti Shri
1   Department of Cardiac Anaesthesia, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences (ABVIMS) and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Baba Kharak Singh Marg, New Delhi, India
,
Vijay Grover
2   Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences (ABVIMS) and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Baba Kharak Singh Marg, New Delhi, India
,
Narender Singh Jhajharia
2   Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences (ABVIMS) and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Baba Kharak Singh Marg, New Delhi, India
› Author Affiliations

Abstract

Over the past decades, there have been noteworthy advancements in the cardiac surgical practice that have assisted fast-tracking and enhanced recovery after cardiac surgery (ERACS). With that said, intensive care unit (ICU) readmission in this high-risk patient cohort entails a significant morbidity–mortality burden. As an extension of the same, there has been a heightened emphasis on a comprehensive evaluation of the predisposition to readmission following a primary ICU discharge. However, the variability of the institutional perioperative practices and the research complexities compound our understanding of this heterogeneous outcome of readmission, which is intricately linked to both patient and organizational factors. Moreover, a discussion on ICU readmission in the recent times can only be rendered comprehensive when staged in close conjunction to the fast-tracking practices in cardiac surgery. From a more positive probing of the matter, a preventative outlook can likely mitigate a part of the larger problem of ICU readmission. Herein, focused cardiac prehabilitation programs can play a potential role given the emerging literature on the positive impact of the former on the most relevant readmission causes. Therefore, the index review article aims to address the subject of cardiac surgical ICU readmission, highlighting the magnitude and burden, the causes and risk-factors, and the research complexities alongside deliberating the topic in the present-day context of ERACS and cardiac prehabilitation.

Informed Consent

Not required.


Ethical Approval

Not required.


Authors' Contributions

JK and RM were involved in conceptualization, literature search, and writing of the draft. JKK, IS, RCK, VG, and NSJ reviewed and edited the draft.




Publication History

Article published online:
03 December 2022

© 2022. Official Publication of The Simulation Society (TSS), accredited by International Society of Cardiovascular Ultrasound (ISCU). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)

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