Neuropediatrics 2023; 54(02): 159-160
DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1760103
Videos and Images in Neuropediatrics

Quivering Chin Syndrome

Rahul Sinha
1   Department of Pediatrics and Pediatric Neurology, Command Hospital, Panchkula, Haryana, India
Sonali Singh
2   Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Neurosciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
› Author Affiliations

A 4-year-old neurotypical boy presented with unprovoked, involuntary intermittent tremulousness of the chin lasting for few minutes to hours, noted from 18 months of age with no family history ([Video 1]). These movements were absent during sleep. The neurological examination, neuroimaging, and electroencephalography was otherwise normal. Surface electromyography of the mentalis muscle demonstrated a tremor frequency of 8 Hz ([Video 2]). Quivering chin syndrome is a rare movement disorder. It may be sporadic or inherited in an autosomal dominant fashion with incomplete penetrance with locus on chromosome 9(9q13-q21). These involuntary, paroxysmal, rhythmic, movements of the chin and/or lower lip may last from seconds to hours.[1] Episodes occur spontaneously or may be precipitated by stress and emotion. Usually no treatment is required. When indicated, injection of low-dose botulinum toxin into the mentalis muscle or low-dose clonazepam may be helpful.[2] Recognition of this rare entity is important to avoid unnecessary investigations.

Video 1 Quivering chin syndrome with involuntary low-amplitude high-frequency tremor affecting the chin.


Video 2 Surface electromyography (EMG) of the mentalis muscle demonstrates a tremor frequency of 8 Hz. Gain 100 μv/div; 100 ms/div along with clinical correlate.


Authors' Contributions

R.S. prepared the manuscript, S.S. provided critical appraisal.

Publication History

Received: 08 September 2022

Accepted: 14 October 2022

Article published online:
31 December 2022

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