Dtsch med Wochenschr 2018; 143(06): 392-396
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-111729
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© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Addison-Krise – Risiko erkennen und rasch behandeln

Addisonian Crisis – Risk Assessment and Appropriate Treatment
Gesine Meyer
,
Klaus Badenhoop
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
15 March 2018 (online)

Abstract

An adrenal crisis (Addisonian crisis) is an acute life-threatening complication of adrenal insufficiency. It occurs when hydrocortisone demand is not met by supplementation in the context of an infection – often gastrointestinal, fever, trauma, acute psychological or physical stress. Symptoms of weakness, nausea, muscle/joint pain and drowsiness may develop out of robust health within few hours. If overlooked, treated too late, with insufficient dose or route of application, there exists a considerable risk of mortality. Treatment consists of immediate parenteral hydrocortisone (100 mg bolus) and subsequent continuous infusion until the underlying precipitating cause is cured and/or when regular supplementation can be continued. Physicians and nurses must not underestimate the condition, since diagnosis and treatment must not be delayed. Patients, relatives and spouses need to be trained in prevention and early recognition through educational programs and emergency cards.

Die Addison-Krise ist eine seltene Komplikation der Nebenniereninsuffizienz mit Mortalitätsrisiko. Sie wird durch Kortisolmangel ausgelöst und oft zu spät und verzögert behandelt. Eine schnelle und ausreichende Hydrokortison-Substitution parenteral ist auch bei besonders gefährdeten Patienten lebensrettend. Schulungsprogramme dienen der Prävention und sorgen für die nötige Sicherheit im Umgang mit der Selbstinjektion von Hydrokortison im Notfall.