Fortschr Röntgenstr 2018; 190(02): 121-133
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-120764
Review
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Radiological Diagnoses in the Context of Emigration: Infectious diseases

Article in several languages: English | deutsch
Marija Stojkovic
Department of Clinical Tropical Medicine, University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
,
Jan Müller
Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
,
Thomas Junghanss
Department of Clinical Tropical Medicine, University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
,
Tim Frederik Weber
Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Germany
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

19 March 2017

19 September 2017

Publication Date:
03 November 2017 (eFirst)

Abstract

Background Globalization and emigration impact on the spectrum of diseases challenging health care systems. Medical practitioners have to particularly prepare for infectious diseases.

Methods The database of a health care center specialized on tropical medicine was screened for patients with history of migration and one of the following diagnoses: Cystic echinococcosis, tuberculosis, schistosomiasis, visceral leishmaniosis, and neurocysticercosis. Representative casuistics were prepared from select case histories. Radiological pertinent knowledge was compiled based on literature search.

Results A small selection of frequently imported infectious diseases covers a considerable fraction of health care problems associated with migration. For cystic echinococcosis, schistosomiasis, and neurocysticercosis imaging is the most relevant diagnostic procedure defining also disease stages. Tuberculosis and visceral leishmaniosis are important differentials for malignant diseases.

Conclusion Imaging plays a meaningful role in diagnosis, treatment stratification, and follow-up of imported infectious diseases. Radiological skills concerning these diseases are important for providing health care for patients in context of migration.

Key Points

  • Imaging plays a meaningful role in multidisciplinary care for imported infectious diseases.

  • A small selection covers a considerable fraction of infectious diseases expected in context of migration.

Citation Format

  • Stojkovic M, Müller J, Junghanss T et al. Radiological Diagnoses in the Context of Emigration: Infectious diseases. Fortschr Röntgenstr 2018; 190: 121 – 133