CC BY 4.0 · Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1766123
Original Article

Alterations in Sleep Cycle among Nonhospitalized COVID-19-Affected Population during the Pandemic in Karnataka State—A Web-Based Study.

Amitha Ramesh
1   Department of Periodontology, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, NITTE deemed to be university, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
Ivaturi Sri Sai Meghana
1   Department of Periodontology, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, NITTE deemed to be university, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
Rahul Bhandary
1   Department of Periodontology, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, NITTE deemed to be university, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
1   Department of Periodontology, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, NITTE deemed to be university, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
Smitha Shetty
1   Department of Periodontology, A B Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, NITTE deemed to be university, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
› Author Affiliations


Objectives The psychological and physiological distress and social isolation could adversely affect sleep. As sleep disturbances may persist and deteriorate health, it is important to assess prevalence and related factors of sleep disturbances among the residents of Karnataka state during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection.

Methods In this study, 250 responders across the state of Karnataka accessed the survey voluntarily during September 2021 and January 2022. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Insomnia Severity Index scales, features that are related to sleep quality, and some hypothesized risk factors of sleep disturbances in context of COVID-19 infection are employed to format a self-reported questionnaire.

Results In this study, females 27(19.1%) experienced more sleep disturbances than males 9 (8.3%). The study revealed the participants who received both the doses of vaccination (126; 54.3%) had better sleep. The participants who reported themselves to be stressed (182; 72.8%) had more disturbances in sleep. A total number of 45 participants (18.4%) experienced difficulty in breathing and out of all the responders 11 (47.8%) were actually worried about their current sleep problem.

Conclusion COVID-19 infection and changes imposed during the pandemic have led to a surge in individuals reporting sleep problems across the globe. The findings raise the need to screen for worsening sleep patterns to create more awareness about the secondary consequences of COVID-19 infection.

Publication History

Article published online:
21 April 2023

© 2023. The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, permitting unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction so long as the original work is properly cited. (

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