Semin Musculoskelet Radiol 2024; 28(01): 078-091
DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-1776430
Review Article

Biomarkers of Body Composition

1   Division of Musculoskeletal Imaging and Intervention, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
Leon Lenchik
2   Department of Radiology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Louis Blankemeier
3   Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California
Akshay S. Chaudhari
4   Department of Radiology and of Biomedical Data Science, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
5   Department of Radiology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California
› Author Affiliations


The importance and impact of imaging biomarkers has been increasing over the past few decades. We review the relevant clinical and imaging terminology needed to understand the clinical and research applications of body composition. Imaging biomarkers of bone, muscle, and fat tissues obtained with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasonography are described.

Publication History

Article published online:
08 February 2024

© 2024. Thieme. All rights reserved.

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