Facial plast Surg 2000; Volume 16(Number 1): 7-14
DOI: 10.1055/s-2000-7321
Copyright © 2000 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA. Tel.: +1(212) 584-4662

BoneSource for Craniomaxillofacial Reconstruction

Jon B. Turk, Afshin Parhiscar
  • Department of Otolaryngology, State University of New York-HSC at Brooklyn, Brooklyn, NY
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
31 December 2000 (online)


Hydroxyapatite cement (HAC) is a calcium phosphate cement whose properties overcome the inherent limitations of previous forms of hydroxyapatite. HAC (BoneSource, Leibinger Corp., Dallas, TX) is prepared as a powder that forms an easily applicable paste which hardens in six to 20 minutes. HAC exhibits excellent biocompatibility, is easily contoured in situ, is highly stable, and allows osteoconduction. The use of calcium phosphate cements (CPC) for reconstruction of craniofacial defects has intrinsic appeal owing to the chemical and physical properties of hydroxyapatite. Difficulty in contouring CPC implants, their lack of compressive strength, and their failure to allow osteoinduction were significant limitations in the use of earlier forms of hydroxyapatite for skeletal reconstruction. HAC offers an excellent reconstructive option for repair of various craniofacial defects.