Subscribe to RSS
Gain in Strength and Muscular Balance After Balance Training
31 December 2001 (online)
The isolated effect of balance training on muscle strength of the flexors and extensors of the knee, without accompanying strength training, has not been addressed in the past. Effects of a balance training program alone were compared to a strength training program. Balance and strength training were performed by 15 persons each for 6 weeks including 12 training units of 25 min. Balance training was performed on instability training devices such as rolling board, mini trampoline and large rubber ball. The 15 persons of the strength training group trained on machines for leg curls and on leg presses for 25 min per unit. Measurements for balance were performed with one-leg balance on a narrow edge and a tilting stabilometer for 30 s; maximum isometric strength was measured using an isokinetic device for each leg separately. The muscular balance between dominant and non-dominant leg was calculated. Strength gain was similar for the flexors and extensors in both groups. One-leg balance improved after balance training (P < 0.01) with a 100 % increase over the strength training group (P < 0.05) and the stabilometer test for each person in the balance (P < 0.01), but not in the strength training group. In the balance group the initial difference between right and left diminished. The results indicate balance training to be effective for gain in muscular strength, and secondly, in contrast to strength training, equalisation of muscular imbalances may be achieved after balance training.
Strength training, balance, knee flexors, knee extensors.
- 1 Asanuma H, Pavlides C. Neurobiological basis of motor learning in mammals. Neuroreport. 1997; 8 R1 - R6
- 2 Fleishman E A. The Structure and Measurement of Physical Fitness. NJ; Englewood Cliffs 1964
- 3 Gauchard G C, Jeandel C, Tessier A, Perrin P P. Beneficial effect of proprioceptive physical activities on balance control in elderly human subjects. Neurosci Letters. 1999; 273 81 - 84
- 4 Grace T G, Sweetster E R, Nelson M A, Ydens L R, Skipper B J. Isokinetic muscle imbalance and knee joint injuries. J Bone Joint Surg. 1984; A66 734-740
- 5 Häkkinen K, Pastinen U M, Karsikas R, Linnamo V. Neuromuscular performance in voluntary bilateral and unilateral contraction and during electrical stimulation in men at different ages. Eur J Appl Physiol. 1995; 70 518-527
- 6 Hettinger T. Isometrisches Muskeltraining. Stuttgart; Thieme 1983
- 7 Ishida K, Moritani T, Itoh K. Changes in voluntary and electrically induced contractions during strength training and detraining. Eur J Appl Physiol. 1990; 60 244 - 248
- 8 Judge J O, Whipple R H, Wolfson L l. Effects of resistive and balance exercises on isokinetic strength in older persons. Am J Geriatr Soc. 1994; 42 937 - 946
- 9 Komi P V, Viitasalo J T, Rauramaa R, Vihko V. Effect of isometric strength training on mechanical, electrical and metabolic aspects of muscle function. Eur J Appl Physiol. 1978; 40 45 - 55
- 10 Patterson L A, Spivey W E. Validity and reliability of the Lido-active isokinetic system. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1992; 15 32-36
- 11 Rutherford O M, Jones D A. The role of learning and coordination in strength training. Eur J Appl Physiol. 1986; 55 100 - 105
- 12 Singer R N.
Balance skill as related to athletics, sex, height and weight.In: Kenyon GS, Grogg, TM (eds) Contemporary Psychology of Sport. Chicago; Athletic Institute 1968: 445-456
- 13 Tesch P A, Dudley G A, Duvoisin M R, Hather B M, Harris R T. Force and EMG signal patterns during repeated bouts of concentric and excentric muscle actions. Acta Physiol Scand. 1990; 138 263 - 271
- 14 Wiksten D L, Perrin D H, Hartman M L, Gieck J, Weltman A. The relationship between muscle and balance performance as a function of age. Isokin Exerc Sci. 1996; 2 125 - 132
- 15 Wolfson L, Whipple R, Judge J, Amerman P, Derby C, King M. Training balance and strength in the elderly to improve function. Am J Geriatr Soc. 1993; 41 341-343
- 16 Wyatt M P, Edwards A M. Comparison of quadriceps and hamstring torque values during isokinetic exercise. J Orth Sports Phys Ther. 1981; 3 48 - 55