Int J Sports Med 2001; 22(4): 285-290
DOI: 10.1055/s-2001-13819
Training and Testing
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Gain in Strength and Muscular Balance After Balance Training

H.-C. Heitkamp, T. Horstmann, F. Mayer, J. Weller, H.-H. Dickhuth
  • Medical Clinic, Dept. of Sportsmedicine, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
31 December 2001 (online)

The isolated effect of balance training on muscle strength of the flexors and extensors of the knee, without accompanying strength training, has not been addressed in the past. Effects of a balance training program alone were compared to a strength training program. Balance and strength training were performed by 15 persons each for 6 weeks including 12 training units of 25 min. Balance training was performed on instability training devices such as rolling board, mini trampoline and large rubber ball. The 15 persons of the strength training group trained on machines for leg curls and on leg presses for 25 min per unit. Measurements for balance were performed with one-leg balance on a narrow edge and a tilting stabilometer for 30 s; maximum isometric strength was measured using an isokinetic device for each leg separately. The muscular balance between dominant and non-dominant leg was calculated. Strength gain was similar for the flexors and extensors in both groups. One-leg balance improved after balance training (P < 0.01) with a 100 % increase over the strength training group (P < 0.05) and the stabilometer test for each person in the balance (P < 0.01), but not in the strength training group. In the balance group the initial difference between right and left diminished. The results indicate balance training to be effective for gain in muscular strength, and secondly, in contrast to strength training, equalisation of muscular imbalances may be achieved after balance training.


PD. Dr. H.-C. Heitkamp

Med. Klinik, Abt. Sportmedizin
Universität Tübingen

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