Enhancement of the Fibula Free Flap by Alveolar Distraction for Dental Implant Restoration: Report of a Case
09 May 2003 (online)
We describe the utilization of distraction osteogenesis in the free fibular microvascular bone graft to the mandible for increasing bone height for future osseointegrated dental implants. Successful reconstruction of a resected mandible requires restoration of both function and esthetic form. Although current reconstructive techniques restore anterior-posterior and lateral projection, often the graft's vertical height is not sufficient for the placement of osseointegrated dental implants and subsequent oral prosthesis. The patient was a sixteen-year-old male who was found to have a large desmoplastic fibroma of the left mandible, which was resected. The defect was successfully restored with a free fibular microvascular bone graft and reconstruction plate. Nevertheless, the patient had persistent problems with mastication and it was decided to perform a segmental osteotomy of the neomandible. Two internal vertical distraction devices were then placed in the mandible. The appliances were then activated five days postoperative, twice a day, for a total of 14 days. At that time 1.5 cm of distraction had occurred and the patient was placed in a consolidation phase for four months. The patient then had sufficient bone height and was restored with 8 osseointegrated dental implants.
Alveolar distraction - fibula graft - dental implants - mandibula reconstruction