Facial plast Surg 2004; 20(1): 11-19
DOI: 10.1055/s-2004-822954
Copyright © 2004 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001 USA.

Facial Rejuvenation Using Botulinum Toxin A: Review and Updates

A. John Vartanian1 , Steven H. Dayan2
  • 1Lasky Clinic, Beverly Hills, CA
  • 2Division of Facial Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL
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Publication History

Publication Date:
22 March 2004 (online)

The aesthetic applications of botulinum toxin A (Botox) are well known to certain medical and nonmedical communities. This nonsurgical rejuvenation modality continues to be in high demand in part because of the immediacy of its effects, its high safety profile, and its no-downtime recovery period. The physician interested in using Botox for facial rejuvenation needs to have a working knowledge of facial anatomy and botulinum toxin pharmacology and clinical experience with Botox injections.