Facial plast Surg 2004; 20(1): 21-29
DOI: 10.1055/s-2004-822955
Copyright © 2004 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001 USA.

Review of Injectable Materials for Soft Tissue Augmentation

Mark R. Homicz1 , Deborah Watson1
  • 1Division of Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Diego, CA
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Publication History

Publication Date:
22 March 2004 (online)

Although a variety of injectable agents are available for soft tissue augmentation, no perfect filler material exists. The advantages and disadvantages of commonly used materials such as bovine collagen have been well documented. However, many newer injectables are still undergoing experimentation to determine their clinical efficacy and long-term safety. This article details recent scientific work to compare injectable materials from the following categories: xenografts (bovine collagen and hyaluronic acid derivatives), autografts (autologous fat, Isolagen, and Autologen), homografts (Dermalogen and Cymetra), and synthetic materials (fluid silicone and Artecoll).