Horm Metab Res 2005; 37(2): 89-93
DOI: 10.1055/s-2005-861172
Original Clinical
© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Anemia under Androgen Deprivation: Influence of Flutamide, Cyproteroneacetate and Orchiectomy on the Erythropoietin System

T.-A.  Voegeli 1 , A.  Kurtz 3 , M. O.  Grimm 1 , P.  Effert 4 , K.-U.  Eckardt2
  • 1Department of Urology, University of Duesseldorf, Germany
  • 2Department of Nephrology, University of Erlangen, Germany
  • 3Department of Physiology, University of Regensburg, Germany
  • 4Department of Urology, Franziskus-Hospital Aachen, Germany
Further Information

Publication History

Received 4 May 2004

Accepted after second revision 2 September 2004

Publication Date:
21 March 2005 (online)


Objective: There is a high incidence of anemia in patients with advanced prostate cancer (PC) under androgen deprivation. Pathophysiology of this anemia remains unclear. Erythropoietin (EPO) is the main growth factor inducing erythropoesis in response to hypoxia. In this study, function of the EPO-system following androgen deprivation was tested in standardized animal model. Methods: Animals were pretreated by either orchiectomy, injection of cyproteroneacetate or flutamide. After hypoxic stimulation, EPO mRNA expression and EPO serum levels were studied. Results: In all animals, EPO mRNA expression and EPO serum levels were increased following hypoxic stimulation. Compared to the control group, this increase was even more pronounced after androgen deprivation. None of the different forms of androgen deprivation had a negative stimulating effect on EPO expression. Conclusion: Unexpectedly, androgen deprivation did not suppress EPO mRNA expression and EPO serum concentrations. Instead, stimulation of the EPO system was even more pronounced after androgen deprivation. A deficient EPO system does not appear to contribute to the clinically observed anemia in patients treated by androgen deprivation.


T. A. Voegeli, M. D., Professor of Urology

Department of Urology, University of Duesseldorf

Moorenstr. 5 · 40225 Duesseldorf · Germany

Phone: +49(211)811-8110

Fax: +49(211)811-8676 ·

Email: sekrurol@uni-duesseldorf.de