Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2006; 114(7): 366-370
DOI: 10.1055/s-2006-924321
Article

J. A. Barth Verlag in Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Radioiodine Therapy of Graves' Hyperthyroidism in Patients Without Pre-existing Ophthalmopathy: Can Glucocorticoids Prevent the Development of New Ophthalmopathy?[1]

B. Dederichs1 , M. Dietlein1 , B. Jenniches-Kloth1 , M. Schmidt1 , P. Theissen1 , D. Moka1 , H. Schicha1
  • 1Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Cologne, Germany
Further Information

Publication History

Received: December 8, 2004 First decision: April 10, 2005

Accepted: April 24, 2006

Publication Date:
16 August 2006 (online)

Abstract

Background: Radioiodine therapy (RIT) combined with glucocorticoids is an effective therapy for Graves' disease, but it is debatable whether glucocorticoids should be applied in patients without Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). Methods: The effect of 0.4 - 0.5 mg prednisone every second day over a period of 5 weeks after RIT was monitored over a follow-up period of at least 12 months after RIT. A questionnaire was sent to 186 consecutive patients without GO concerning eye symptoms after RIT. 148 patients (80 %) answered. If eye symptoms had occurred after RIT, additional clinical examination was carried out at our outpatient clinic. The primary endpoint was the absence or onset of GO within the first year after RIT. Results: Within 12 months after RIT the examination confirmed GO in 5 out of 148 patients (3.4 %). In all cases the symptoms were transient. No adverse reaction to the use of prednisone after RIT was noted. Conclusions: The risk of new GO in the first year after RIT was low and the clinical course of GO was mild when RIT was combined with a low-dose glucocorticoid regimen. Preventive administration of glucocorticoids can therefore be recommended in patients with Graves' disease even without evident GO.

1 Partly supported by Amersham & Buchler

References

1 Partly supported by Amersham & Buchler

Dr. Birgit Dederichs

Department of Nuclear Medicine
University of Cologne

50924 Cologne

Germany

Phone: + 492214784050

Fax: + 49 22 14 78 67 77

Email: Harald.Schicha@uni-koeln.de