Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2006; 114(9): 527-532
DOI: 10.1055/s-2006-949655
Article

© J. A. Barth Verlag in Georg Thieme Verlag KG · Stuttgart · New York

Starting Insulin Therapy in Type 2 Diabetes: Twice-Daily Biphasic Insulin Aspart 30 Plus Metformin versus Once-Daily Insulin Glargine Plus Glimepiride

P. H. Kann 1 , T. Wascher 2 , V. Zackova 3 , J. Moeller 4 , J. Medding 4 , A. Szocs 5 , M. Mokan 6 , F. Mrevlje 7 , M. Regulski 8
  • 1Philipps-Universität Marburg, Zentrum für Innere Medizin, Bereich Endokrinologie & Diabetologie, Marburg, Germany
  • 2Diabetes und Stoffwechselambulanz, Medizinische Universitätsklinik, Graz, Austria
  • 3II. interní klinika - diabetologicke centrum, Pekarska, Brno, Czech Republic
  • 4Clinical Research Department, Novo Nordisk Pharma GmbH, Mainz, Germany
  • 5Károlyi Sándor Kórház, Budapest, Hungary
  • 6I. interná klinika, JKF UK, Martin, Slovakia
  • 7University Medical Center Ljubljana, Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • 8Municipal Hospital in Otwock, Department of Internal Diseases, Stefana Batorego Str, Otwock, Poland
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
17 November 2006 (online)

Abstract

Aim: To compare the efficacy and safety of two analog insulins as starting regimens in insulin-naïve Type 2 diabetes patients. Methods: In this randomized, open-label parallel study, twice-daily biphasic insulin aspart 30 (30% soluble and 70% protaminated insulin aspart; BIAsp 30) plus metformin (met) was compared with once-daily insulin glargine (glarg) plus glimepiride (glim) in 255 insulin-naïve patients (131 male; mean±SD age, 61.2±9.1 years). Mean baseline HbA1c (±SD) was 9.2±1.4% and 8.9±1.3% for BIAsp 30 plus met (n=128) and glarg plus glim (n=127), respectively (P=0.0747). Primary endpoint was the difference in absolute change in HbA1c between groups after 26 weeks of treatment. Results: HbA1c change was significantly greater in the BIAsp 30 plus met group than the glarg plus glim group (between-group difference: -0.5% (95% CI: -0.8; -0.2); P=0.0002). Mean prandial plasma glucose increment was significantly lower for BIAsp 30 plus met compared with glarg plus glim: 1.4±1.4 mmol/l vs. 2.2±1.8 mmol/l; P=0.0002. During the maintenance phase (weeks 6-26), one major hypoglycemic episode occurred in each group; 20.3% and 9% of patients experienced minor hypoglycemic episodes in the BIAsp 30 plus met and glarg plus glim groups, respectively (P=0.0124). At end-of-trial, mean daily insulin doses were 0.40 U/kg BIAsp 30 and 0.39 U/kg glarg. Glarg plus glim-treated patients experienced significant weight gain of 1.5 kg (95% CI: 0.84; 2.19; P<0.0001). Weight change with BIAsp 30 plus met of +0.7 kg was not statistically significant (95% CI: -0.07; 1.42; P=0.0762). Conclusions: Starting insulin in Type 2 diabetes patients with twice-daily BIAsp 30 plus met can reduce HbA1c and mean prandial plasma glucose increment to a greater extent than once-daily glarg plus glim.

References

Correspondence

Peter H.Kann 

Philipps-Universität Marburg·Zentrum für Innere Medizin·Bereich Endokrinologie & Diabetologie

Baldingerstraße

35043 Marburg

Germany

Phone: +49/6421/28 63 13 5

Fax: +49/6421/28 62 73 3

Email: kannp@med.uni-marburg.de