© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Blood Glutathione Status Following Distance Running
09 March 2007 (online)
In 12 moderately trained subjects reduced glutathione (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) as well as thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were measured in the blood before and during the first two hours and first two days after a 2.5-h run. The participants covered between 19 and 26 krm (20.8 ± 2.5 km, mean ± SD). The running speed was between 53 and 82 % of the speed at which blood lactate concentration reached 4 mmol/L lactate (67.9 ± 8.2 %, mean ± SD) assessed during a previously performed treadmill test. Blood samples were collected 1 h before, immediately before, immediately after, 1 and 2 h after, as well as 1 and 2 days after the run. Immediately after exercise GSH was significantly decreased (p < 0.01) and GSSG significantly increased (p < 0.01). In all subjects the ratio of (GSH to GSSG showed a marked decline to 18 ± 4 % (mean ± SD) of the pre-exercise values (p < 0.01). One hour later the mean GSH and GSSG values returned to baseline. However, there were considerable inter-individual differences. In some subjects the GSH/ GSSG ratio overshot the pre-exercise levels, in others the ratio remained low even two hours after exercise. Compared with the pre-exercise values TBARS concentrations did not change significantly at any time point after exercise. The findings suggest that after prolonged exercise in moderately trained subjects a critical shift in the blood glutathione redox status may be reached. The changes observed were generally short-lived, the duration of which may have depended on the relative importance of reactive oxygen species generation by the capillary endothelial cells and neutrophil and eosinophil granulocytes after the end of excercise.
Endurance exercise - free radicals - oxidative stress - glutathione - malondialdehyde - erythrocytes