Horm Metab Res 2000; 32(4): 152-156
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-978611
Originals Clinical

© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Role of Food Intake in the Modulation of Hexarelin-Induced Growth Hormone Release in Normal Human Subjects

L. De Marinis1 , A. Mancini1 , D. Valle2 , D. Izzi2 , A. Bianchi1 , R. Gentilella1 , A. Giampietro1 , P. Desenzani3 , A. Giustina3
  • 1Institute of Endocrinology, Catholic University School of Medicine, Rome
  • 2Department of Internal Medicine II, Catholic University School of Medicine, Rome
  • 3Clinica Medica, Spedali Civili, University of Brescia, Italy
Further Information

Publication History

1998

1999

Publication Date:
19 April 2007 (online)

Hexarelin (HEX) is a new synthetic analog of the Growth Hormone releasing peptides and is stronger than GHRH in releasing GH in vivo. No information is available on the effect of food ingestion on HEX-induced GH secretion. On the other hand, we have previously demonstrated that food intake at lunchtime in normal subjects has an inhibitory effect on the GH response to GHRH. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of food ingestion on GH secretion induced by HEX as compared to GHRH in six normal men (aged 23-29 years) and six normal women (aged 24-29 years). The body weights for all subjects were within 120% of their ideal body weight, according to their sex and age. Our data confirm that HEX is much more powerful than GHRH in inducing GH release in humans, both in the fasting state (GH-AUC: 3010 ± 695 after HEX, vs. 1339 ± 281 after GHRH, µg/L/120 min; p < 0.06) and after a meal (GH-AUC: 1523 ± 121, after HEX, vs. 309 ± 61, after GHRH, µg/L/120 min; p < 0.06) Moreover, our study shows that food intake partially blunts the fasting GH response to HEX (GH-AUC: 3010 ± 695 after HEX, in fasting state, vs. 1523 ± 121 after HEX, after meal, µg/L/120 min; p < 0.06; mean inhibition of AUC 41.02 ± 7.96%), whereas it nearly abolishes the GH response to GHRH in the same subjects (GH-AUC: 1339 ± 281 after GHRH, in fasting state, vs. 309 ± 61 after GHRH, after meal, µg/L/120 min; p < 0.06; mean inhibition of AUC 70.31 ± 6.22%). In conclusion, our study confirms that HEX acts differently from GHRH; the GH releasing effect of HEX could be only partially influenced by the physiological metabolic or neuroendocrine food-related modifications.

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