Horm Metab Res 1999; 31(5): 295-299
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-978740
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© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Age- and Sex-Related Changes in Type-1 Iodothyronine Deiodinase Messenger Ribonucleic Acid in Rat Liver and Kidney

Y. Ogawa, M. Nishikawa, N. Toyoda, T. Yonemoto, A. Gondou, M. Inada
  • Second Department of Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University, 10-15 Fumizonocho, Moriguchi, Osaka, Japan
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Publication Date:
20 April 2007 (online)

To evaluate the age- and sex-related changes in Type 1 iodothyronine deiodinase gene expression in the liver and kidneys, we measured 5′-deiodinating activity and deiodinase mRNA in developing rats. The activity in the liver increased after birth, and that in neonates was approximately half that in adults. In contrast, the activity in neonatal kidneys remained very low. The relative importance of activity in male kidneys compared to the liver increased from the ages of 1 to 20 days. The male adult rat liver showed a higher level of activity than the female liver. Deiodinase mRNA in the male liver gradually increased from 1 to 20 days, in correlation with the activity. In kidneys, deiodinase mRNA was low before day 20, and there was no significant sex difference in all age groups. In orchiectomized male rats, the activity and mRNA in the liver was similar to the low levels found in females; however, the levels in the kidneys were not significantly different than those of normal males. These data suggest that the age- and sex-related changes in iodothyronine deiodinase gene expression are regulated mainly at the pretranslational level, and that the relative importance of kidneys to liver in iodothyronine deiodinase increases from birth to age 20 days due to the difference in the gene expression.