© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Small Weight Gain is not Associated with Development of Insulin Resistance in Healthy, Physically Active Individuals
20 April 2007 (online)
We investigated whether weight gain alters insulin sensitivity and leptin levels in physically active individuals. Six (5 males and 1 female; age 26.6 ± 1.0 years; BMI 21.5 ± 0.9, body fat 17.4 ± 2.2%) healthy individuals were enrolled in an over-feeding study (caloric surplus 22.5 - 26.5 kcal/kg/day) to achieve up to 10% weight gain over 4 - 6 week period with subsequent weight maintenance over additional 2 weeks. The participants were requested to maintain their previous physical activity which in all of them included 45 - 60 mm training sessions at the gym 2 - 3 times/week. Results: BMI increased to 23.4 ± 0.9 (4.4 kg weight gain; p < 0.05) and body fat to 21.0 ± 2.8% (p < 0.05) over the period of active weight gain and remained stable over the two week period of weight maintenance; fasting plasma glucose and serum insulin remained unchanged; serum leptin nearly doubled (3.8 ± 1.0 vs 6.4 ± 1.9 ng/mL; p < 0.05); insulin sensitivity, when expressed per kg of the total body (11.1 ± 1.6 vs 12.4 ± 2.1 mg/kg/mm; p = NS), and lean body mass (13.4 ± 1.9 vs 15.7 ± 2.6 mg/kgLBM/min; p = NS), did not decrease after weight gain. On the contrary, insulin action had improved in 5 out of 6 individuals. In conclusion, the data presented in this preliminary report indicate that a small weight gain due to overfeeding in lean, healthy, physically active individuals is associated with rise in circulating leptin levels but not with worsening of insulin action.
Weight Gain - Insulin Resistance - Leptin