© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Distribution of Oleoyl-Estrone in Rat Plasma Lipoproteins
20. April 2007 (online)
Pooled adult normal rat plasma was used for the separation of lipoprotein fractions: VLDL, LDL and HDL, from which a total lipids extract was obtained. The presence of fragments with the MW of estrone and oleoyl-estrone in the lipoprotein fractions was analyzed by HPLC-MS. The results show that oleoyl-estrone is the major estrone component in lipoproteins; this molecular species was present in all three lipoprotein lipid extracts. The lipoprotein fractions were used for the analysis of protein and lipid classes: triacylglycerols, total and esterified cholesterol and phospholipids as well as acyl-estrone. About half of the total acyl-estrone was in the HDL fraction and only about 10% in the VLDL fraction. HDLs contained about one molecule in 50 particles, LDLs one molecule per particle and VLDLs 15 molecules per particle, i.e. given their size, the larger lipoproteins contained more oleoyl-estrone than the HDLs. The distribution of this hormone suggests that oleoyl-estrone is lost with other lipids as the lipoproteins shrink. The results presented show that oleoyl-estrone is a molecule found naturally in rat lipoproteins in low concentrations - the lowest in HDLs - that are consistent with its postulated role in the control of body weight.
Lipoproteins - Olyeoyl-Estrone - VLDL - LDL - HDL