© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Amyloid Goiter: Radiological Study in a Case Presenting Hypothyroidism
23. April 2007 (online)
We report herein a case of amyloid goiter associated with rheumatoid arthritis in which hypothyroidism was observed. A 52-year-old housewife who had suffeed from rheumatoid arthritis for 15 years was referred to our hospital because of general fatigue. On admission, a large goiter was observed. Laboratory data showed primary hypothyroidism. Renal biopsy and gastric mucosa biopsy showed amyloid deposition of AA-type. Thyroid biopsy showed massive amyloid involvement. Although the findings of iodine-123 scintigraphy, technetium-99m pertechnetate scintigraphy, computed tomography and magnetic resonance image studies were similar to those for goiter associated with chronic thyroiditis, tallium-201 chloride scintigraphy gave a differing result, demonstrating absent uptake at 3 hours in this case. Replcement therapy with levothyroxine relieved the symptoms. This case was unusual in that amyloid goiter presented clinically as hypothyroidism. Absence of tallium-201 chloride uptake at 3 hours may be a diagnostic specificity for amyloid goiter in differentiating its hypothyroidism from that caused by chronic thyroiditis.
Amyloid Goiter - Hypothyroidism - Scintigraphy - CT Scan - MRI - Ultrasound