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© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Central IGF-1 Decreases Systemic Blood Pressure and Increases Blood Flow in Selective Vascular Beds
23 April 2007 (online)
IGF-1 and its receptors have been identified in many tissues including the central nervous system (CNS). We have previously demonstrated that injection of insulin directly into the cerebral ventricles (ICV) is followed by a drop in mean arterial pressure (MAP) associated with an increase in skeletal muscle blood flow. Given the similarities between the IGF-1 and insulin molecules and their respective receptors, we have investigated the effect of ICV administration of IGF-1 on systemic blood pressure and blood flow in selected vascular beds. ICV cannulas were implanted into normal rats and the animals were allowed to recover for 3 to 4 days. The femoral artery and vein were cannulated for blood pressure monitoring and blood sampling and blood flow probes placed around the iliac, the renal and the superior mesenteric artery were used to assess regional blood flow. ICV injection of IGF-1 resulted in a significant decrease in MAP with a nadir at 15 minutes and a gradual return to baseline by 60 minutes; heart rate increased 40 minutes after the injection. IGF-1 significantly enhanced vascular flow and conductance in the iliac, but not in the renal and superior mesenteric arteries. The effects of IGF-1 were much smaller than those observed previously with equimolar amounts of insulin. We conclude that IGF-1 can decrease MAP by selectively increasing blood flow to skeletal muscle through a direct action on the central nervous system.
CNS - IGF-1 - Blood Flow - Blood Pressure - Plasma Insulin