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© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York
Polymorphism of the Human Ca2+-Sensing Receptor Gene in Japanese Individuals: No Relation to Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
23 April 2007 (online)
A missense mutation in the Ca2+-sensing receptor (CaSR) gene was previously identified in a Japanese family with familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia. Five members of this family with the mutation in the CaSR gene also showed abnormal glucose tolerance, whereas family members homozygous for the wildtype CaSR gene were normal in this respect. The potential relation between mutations in the CaSR gene and the incidence of diabetes mellitus was therefore investigated in 27 non-insulin dependent diabetic and 40 normal Japanese subjects. Each exon of the CaSR gene was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction and subjected to single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis. The region of the gene containing the sixth exon showed three distinct patterns on SSCP analysis in both diabetic patients and normal subjects. Direct sequencing of DNA revealed a T/C polymorphism in the fifth intron. The TT genotype was apparent in 59.3% of diabetic patients and in 45.0% of normal subjects. The CC genotype was present in 25.9% of diabetics and in 22.5% of normal subjects. The diabetic patients were divided into three groups on the basis of genotype for the polymorphism (TT, TC, or CC). However, there was no significant difference among the three groups with regard to the method of therapy, the incidence or severity of diabetic complications, duration or family history of disease, HbA1c level, or laboratory data. The polymorphism in the fifth intron of the CaSR gene does not therefore appear to be associated with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
Ca2+-Sensing Receptor - Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus - Polymorphism in the Fifth Intron