Facial plast Surg 2007; 23(3): 168-173
DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-984556
Copyright © 2007 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc., 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Thyroid-Related Orbitopathy: Concepts and Management

Robert C. Della Rocca1 , 2
  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, St. Luke's Roosevelt Hospital Center
  • 2Department of Ophthalmology The New York Eye and Ear Infirmary, New York, New York
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
10 August 2007 (online)


Thyroid-related orbitopathy is a disorder related to systemic thyroid dysfunction, which can cause devastating orbital disease affecting nearly all of the orbital tissues. This includes orbital and eyelid abnormalities that may be acute, subacute, or chronic. The disease is complex and difficult to treat due varying activity of the systemic thyroid disease. The resulting morbidity of the disease ranges from mildly abnormal cosmesis and ocular irritation to blindness. A systematic approach to successful management of this disease requires timely medical and surgical interventions.