Dimensions of Quality of Life and Self-Monitoring Therapy with Oral Anticoagulants-Still Research or Everyday Practice?
06 February 2008 (online)
In correlation with increased life expectancy of patients, quality of life (QOL) has become a factor of increasing interest by the patient himself and also of importance in health-care planning and recruitment of financial resources. In this context, self-monitoring of long-term anticoagulant treatment might be a strategy that could mean a step forward in health-related as well as general life satisfaction for patients participating in self-monitoring programs. Also, the new strategy of increased homecontrol of anticoagulant treatment illustrates the complexity of multiple factors that can lead to changes in the subjective feeling and objective aspects of QOL. Our intention in a pilot study was to probe the feasibility of QOL research and relevant factors of influence by retrospectively evaluating data from two groups of outpatients seen in a large treatment center. The high frequency (n = 8 in sample 2) of disturbed sleep as a simple screening indicator stresses the probable importance of undetected depression, which might require treatment and could confound research as to QOL. Instruments to measure QOL in oral anticoagulation self-monitoring should therefore be adapted to the heterogeneous structure of factors in the target population, and include psychological parameters, especially in regard to health-related locus of control and mood.
Oral anticoagulation - quality of life - self-management