Mode of Action of Somatostatin in Inhibiting Parathyroid Hormone Secretion
22 April 2008 (online)
Effects of somatostatin on basal and low calcium-, isoproterenol- or dibutryl cyclic AMP (DBcAMP)-stimulated parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion were evaluated in vitro with bovine parathyroid tissue. Low calcium, isoproterenol or DBcAMP alone significantly stimulated PTH secretion. Somatostatin 1 or 4 μg/ml significantly inhibited these stimulated PTH secretions. Inhibition of isoproterenol-stimulated PTH secretion was more complete than was the inhibition of low calcium- or DBcAMP-stimulated secretion. The studies indicate that somatostatin inhibits PTH secretion by an action distal to cAMP generation. The more complete inhibition of isoproterenol-stimulated PTH secretion suggests that somatostatin may also have additional effects on or proximal to the formation of cyclic AMP.
Somatostatin - PTH Secretion - Cyclic AMP - β-Adrenergic - Low Calcium