Int J Sports Med 1981; 02(2): 114-118
DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1034594
© Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart · New York

Effect of Exercise-Diet Manipulation on Muscle Glycogen and Its Subsequent Utilization During Performance*

W. M. Sherman, D. L. Costill, W. J. Fink, J. M. Miller
  • Human Performance Laboratory, Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana 47306, USA
* Supported by the National Dairy Council and the Ball State University Graduate Student Research Fund, 1980.
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Publication History

Publication Date:
14 March 2008 (online)


This study examined the effect of three exercise-diet regimens on muscle glycogen supercompensation and subsequent performance during a 20.9-km run. A diet containing 15% carbohydrate (CHO,L), 50% CHO (M), or 70% (CHO (H) was arranged in three trials as follows: trial A = 3 days L, 3 days H; trial M = 3 days M, 3 days H; trial C = 6 days M. For each trial a 5-day depletion-taper exercise sequence was conducted on the treadmill at 73% V̇O2max. The runs were 90, 40, 40, 20, and 20 min, respectively. A day of rest preceded the 20.9-km performance run. Muscle biopsies were obtained from the gastrocnemius on days 4 and 7 (both prior to and after the performance run). Trials A, B, and C elevated muscle glycogen to 207, 203, and 159 mmol glucosyl units/kg wet tissue ImtnGI, respectively. The performance run in both trials A and B utilized significantly more glycogen than in trial C: 5.0 and 5.1 mmG/km vs. 3.1 mmG/km. There were, however, no differences in either performance run times or post-performance run glycogen levels between the trials. These data demonstrate that (1) muscle glycogen can be elevated to high levels with a moderate exercise-diet regimen; (2) initial muscle glycogen levels influence the amount subsequently utilized during exercise; (3) carbohydrate loading is of no benefit to performance for trained runners during a 20.9-km run.