Facial plast Surg 2008; 24(1): 078-091
DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1037452
© Thieme Medical Publishers

Endoscopic Treatment of Facial Fractures

Reid Mueller1
  • 1Division of Plastic Surgery, Oregon Health Sciences University, Portland, Oregon
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Publication History

Publication Date:
20 February 2008 (online)


The application of endoscopic surgical techniques to the treatment of craniomaxillofacial fractures not only has decreased the morbidity associated with the surgical approaches but has significantly altered the treatment philosophy for many types of fracture. Frontal sinus fractures, orbital floor fractures, zygomatic arch fractures, and subcondylar mandible fractures are the most notable examples where endoscopic techniques have found acceptance.