Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2008; 56(5): 311-313
DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1038632
How to do it

© Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Awake Endoscopic Thymectomy via an Infrasternal Approach Using Sternal Lifting

I. Matsumoto1 , M. Oda1 , G. Watanabe1
  • 1General and Cardiothoracic Surgery, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan
Further Information

Publication History

received Dec. 25, 2007

Publication Date:
09 July 2008 (online)


Recently, thoracic epidural anesthesia (TEA) has been employed to perform awake thoracic surgery procedures. This is the first report that describes an awake endoscopic thymectomy through an infrasternal approach using sternal lifting. This procedure allows the patient to eat, drink, and walk on the day of surgery. TEA can also be used for postoperative analgesia. Our experiences have shown that it is safe and beneficial to apply this procedure.


Dr. Isao Matsumoto

General and Cardiothoracic Surgery
Kanazawa University

Takara-machi 13 – 1

920 – 8641 Kanazawa


Phone: + 81 7 62 65 23 55

Fax: + 81 7 62 22 68 33

Email: [email protected]