Semin Neurol 1997; 17(2): 171-177
DOI: 10.1055/s-2008-1040927
© 1997 by Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.

Freud and Consciousness: The First One Hundred Years of Neuropsychodynamics in Theory and Clinical Practice

Laurence Miller
  • Dr. Miller is in private practice in Boca Raton, Florida
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19. März 2008 (online)


Psychoanalysis emerged out of Freud's neuropsychologic studies of consciousness and cognition. This article describes the historical development of neuropsychody-namic theories of consciousness and personality, and traces their application to several neuropsychiatric syndromes of intense contemporary clinical interest. Even in this era of narrow syndromic differentiation and classification, an appeal is made for a more integrated approach to the evaluation and treatment of neurobehavioral syndromes.