CC BY-NC-ND-license · Joints 2015; 03(02): 67-71
DOI: 10.11138/jts/2015.3.2.067
Original Article
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

Treatment of cam-type femoroacetabular impingement

Gennaro Fiorentino
Alberto Fontanarosa
Riccardo Cepparulo
Alberto Guardoli
Luca Berni
Gianluca Coviello
Aldo Guardoli
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
15 September 2017 (online)


Purpose: the aim of this study was to evaluate preliminary clinical and radiographic results of arthroscopic treatment of cam-type femoroacetabular impingement (FAI).

Methods: thirty-eight patients underwent hip arthroscopy for cam-type FAI between 2009 and 2012. Preoperative assessment was based on clinical examination, modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS) and radiographic examination with anteroposterior pelvis, frogleg and Lequesne views. The patients’ clinical conditions at follow-up were assessed using the mHHS administered as a telephone survey. Radiographic outcome measurements evaluated pre and postoperatively were the alpha angle and femoral head-neck offset.

Results: the patients were clinically evaluated at a mean follow-up of 36 months. Radiographic follow-up was performed at an average of 12.7 months. Thirty of the 38 patients (79%) were satisfied with the results of the arthroscopic procedure. A total of nine patients subsequently underwent a total hip replacement. All 30 patients who declared themselves satisfied recorded an mHHS increase; in particular, the mHHS increased from a mean of 52.9 preoperatively (range: 27.5-82.5) to a mean of 85.6 postoperatively (range: 45.1-100.1). Three significant differences between the two groups of patients (satisfied and not satisfied) were recorded: mean age, alpha angle and BMI were all significantly greater in the patients who were not satisfied with the treatment.

Conclusions: a crucial aspect in order to obtain good clinical outcomes of arthroscopic treatment of camtype impingement is correct selection of patients who are likely to benefit from this kind of surgery. Hip arthroscopy should be avoided in patients aged over 50 years with risk factors for early osteoarthritis (high BMI and a significantly increased alpha angle).

Level of evidence: Level IV, therapeutic case series.