Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2012; 25(05): 410-417
DOI: 10.3415/VCOT-11-07-0097
Clinical Communication
Schattauer GmbH

Retrospective comparison between minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis and open plating for tibial fractures in dogs

A. Boero Baroncelli
1   Department of Animal Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Turin, Grugliasco (TO), Italy
,
B. Peirone
1   Department of Animal Pathology, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Turin, Grugliasco (TO), Italy
,
M. D. Winter
2   Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida Gainesville, FL, USA
,
D. J. Reese
2   Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida Gainesville, FL, USA
,
A. Pozzi
2   Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida Gainesville, FL, USA
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Received 14 July 2011

Accepted 10 May 2012

Publication Date:
18 December 2017 (online)

Summary

Objectives: To compare fracture healing in diaphyseal tibial fractures stabilized using either minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis (MIPO) or open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF).

Methods: Dogs in each group were matched for type of fracture, age and body weight. Stage of healing was measured blindly every four weeks postoperatively until complete healing. Outcome variables including fracture length, plate length, plate bridging ratio, plate working length, healing grading, and fracture reduction were compared between groups using the Mann-Whitney test. Significant difference was set at p <0.05.

Results: Based on the definition of clinical union, at 30 days five out of eight dogs managed with MIPO had healed, while two of the eight of dogs managed with ORIF had healed. We did not find any significant differences in the other outcome measures. No complications were reported in the MIPO group whereas one major complication was reported in the ORIF group.

Clinical significance: All dogs treated by MIPO healed rapidly without any complications, nevertheless the difference in radiographic healing between the two groups was not significant.