CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Eur J Dent 2015; 09(02): 194-200
DOI: 10.4103/1305-7456.156807
Original Article
Dental Investigation Society

Comparison of temperature rise in pulp chamber during polymerization of materials used for direct fabrication of provisional restorations: An in-vitro study

Rajat R. Khajuria
1  Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Materials, I. G. G. D. C, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
,
Ravi Madan
2  Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Materials, Kothiwal Dental College, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
,
Swatantra Agarwal
2  Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Materials, Kothiwal Dental College, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
,
Reecha Gupta
1  Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Materials, I. G. G. D. C, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India
,
Sunil V. Vadavadgi
3  Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Materials, S. J. M. Dental College, Chitradurga, Karnataka, India
,
Vikas Sharma
2  Department of Prosthodontics and Dental Materials, Kothiwal Dental College, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
04 September 2019 (online)

ABSTRACT

Objective: The purpose is to compare temperature rise in the pulp chamber during fabrication of provisional crowns using different materials and on different types of teeth using direct technique. Materials and Methods: An extracted, sound, caries free maxillary central incisor and a mandibular molar were selected for the study and crown preparations of all ceramic and all metal were done on central incisor and mandibular molar, respectively. Materials tested were DPI tooth molding self-curing material and protemp-4. Addition silicone putty was used as a matrix and 80 provisional crowns were fabricated, of which 40 were on central incisor and 40 on mandibular molar. Depending on the type of material used, they were further divided into two subgroups: Each comprising 20 provisional crowns. Temperature readings were recorded using K type of thermocouple with 0.1°C precision digital thermometer. Statistical Analysis Used: Analysis of variance, Tukey honest significant difference and Kruskall–Wallis H-test. Results: Statistically significant difference exists between two materials tested on the basis of peak temperature achieved and time taken by a particular material to reach peak temperature. Peak temperature achieved was highest for provisional crowns with DPI tooth molding self-curing material on maxillary central incisor (40.39 + 0.46), followed by DPI tooth molding self-curing material on mandibular molar (40.03 + 0.32), protemp-4 on maxillary central incisor (39.46 + 0.26) and least with protemp-4 on mandibular molar (39.09 + 0.33). The time taken to reach peak temperature was almost double in DPI tooth molding self-curing material (5 min) than in protemp-4. Conclusion: Polymethyl methacrylate resin produced higher intra-pulpal rise when compared to newer generation bis-acrylic composite.