CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · Eur J Dent 2015; 09(02): 262-266
DOI: 10.4103/1305-7456.156848
Original Article
Dental Investigation Society

Effect of storage solutions on microhardness of crown enamel and dentin

Berdan Aydın
1  Department of Restorative Dentistry, University of Illinois at Chicago College of Dentistry, USA
Tijen Pamir
2  Department of Restorative Dentistry, Ege University, Turkiye
Aysun Baltaci
3  Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ege University, Turkiye
Mehmet N. Orman
4  Department of Biostatistics, Ege University, Turkiye
Tugba Turk
5  Department of Endodontics, Ege University, Turkiye
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
04 September 2019 (online)


Objective: The aim of this study was to determine alterations in microhardness of crown dentin and enamel, after 2 and 12-month storage in de-ionized water, 0.2% glutaraldehyde, Hanks’ Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS), 0.1% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) or 0.1% thymol. Materials and Methods: Freshly extracted, nonsterile 60 intact human premolars were distributed to five groups. Six teeth from each group were evaluated after two, and other six teeth were evaluated after 12 months storage. After grinding and polishing of teeth, Vickers hardness was evaluated with making indentations on enamel and dentin, using a pyramid diamond indenter tip exerting 100 g load for 15 s. Results: After 2 months storage in solutions, range of the hardness values (HV) of enamel and dentin were in between 315–357 and 64–67, respectively. However, 12 months storage of the teeth resulted in a statistically significant decrease in microhardness when compared to microhardness of teeth stored for 2 months (P = 0.001). Although the differences were not significant regarding solutions, all solutions decreased the microhardness both in enamel and dentin (P > 0.05). However, decrease in microhardness was relatively less in de-ionized water and thymol solutions while glutaraldehyde decreased microhardness the most: 63% for enamel and 53% for dentin. Conclusions: Microhardness of enamel and dentin was in an acceptable range when teeth were stored for 2 months in de-ionized water, glutaraldehyde, HBSS, NaOCl or in thymol; thus, teeth kept up to 2 months in these solutions can be used for mechanical in vitro tests. However, 12 months storage significantly decreased the microhardness of enamel and dentin.