CC BY-NC-ND 4.0 · J Lab Physicians 2018; 10(01): 006-014
DOI: 10.4103/JLP.JLP_89_17
Review Article

Biomedical waste management in India: Critical appraisal

Priya Datta
Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College Hospital, Chandigarh, India
Gursimran Mohi
Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College Hospital, Chandigarh, India
Jagdish Chander
Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College Hospital, Chandigarh, India
› Author Affiliations
Financial support and sponsorship: Nil


The safe and sustainable management of biomedical waste (BMW) is social and legal responsibility of all people supporting and financing health-care activities. Effective BMW management (BMWM) is mandatory for healthy humans and cleaner environment. This article reviews the recent 2016 BMWM rules, practical problems for its effective implementation, the major drawback of conventional techniques, and the latest eco-friendly methods for BMW disposal. The new rules are meant to improve the segregation, transportation, and disposal methods, to decrease environmental pollution so as to change the dynamic of BMW disposal and treatment in India. For effective disposal of BMWM, there should be a collective teamwork with committed government support in terms of finance and infrastructure development, dedicated health-care workers and health-care facilities, continuous monitoring of BMW practices, tough legislature, and strong regulatory bodies. The basic principle of BMWM is segregation at source and waste reduction. Besides, a lot of research and development need to be in the field of developing environmental friendly medical devices and BMW disposal systems for a greener and cleaner environment.

Publication History

Received: 12 May 2017

Accepted: 27 September 2017

Article published online:
19 February 2020

© 2018.

Thieme Medical and Scientific Publishers Private Ltd.
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