Synfacts 2020; 16(11): 1301
DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1706512
Metals in Synthesis

Asymmetric γ-Borylation of Aliphatic Amides and Esters

Paul Knochel
Dimitrije Djukanovic
Reyes RL, Sato M, Iwai T, Suzuki K, Maeda S, Sawamura M. * Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
Asymmetric Remote C–H Borylation of Aliphatic Amides and Esters with a Modular Iridium Catalyst.

Science 2020;
369: 970-974
DOI: 10.1126/science.abc8320.


The authors report on an asymmetric borylation of aliphatic amides and esters in γ-position. The efficient catalytic system delivers chiral pinacolboronates in high yield and enantiomeric excess.



The complex catalytic system is comprised of an iridium precatalyst, a chiral ligand and a receptor ligand. The receptor ligand has a pyridine moiety intended for binding to the catalyst and a urea moiety for substrate binding. The absence of either of these components results in no reaction. 2,6-Lutidine has a positive impact on both yield and enantiomeric excess. Preliminary quantum chemical calculations show that the amide substrate is bound to the catalytic cavity not only through hydrogen bonding with receptor ligand but also through other noncovalent interactions.


Publication History

Publication Date:
20 October 2020 (online)

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