Multiphoton imaging provides a superior optical biopsy to that of confocal laser endomicroscopy imaging for colorectal lesions
submitted 11 November 2017
accepted after revision 11 May 2018
11 July 2018 (eFirst)
Background Confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) requires fluorescence agents, the use of which leads to blurred images and low diagnostic accuracy owing to fluorescein leakage. We aimed to explore whether multiphoton imaging (MPI) could serve as a better method of optical biopsy.
Methods First, a pilot study was performed to set up the optical diagnostic criteria of MPI for benign or malignant colorectal lesions in 30 patients. Then, a blinded study was conducted to compare the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of MPI versus CLE imaging in 79 patients.
Results In the pilot study, MPI revealed regular tissue architecture and cell morphology in the normal tissue, and irregular tubular structures, and cellular and nuclear pleomorphism in the abnormal tissue. In the blinded study, compared with CLE imaging, MPI significantly improved the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the optical biopsy (89.74 % vs. 61.54 %, P = 0.008; 92.5 % vs. 67.5 %, P = 0.009; and 91.14 % vs. 64.56 %, P = 0.001, respectively).
Conclusions MPI can provide a superior optical biopsy to that of CLE imaging for colorectal lesions.
* These authors contributed equally to this work.
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